Topic: Stress Urinary Incontinence

Best Treatment for Male Incontinence: Sphincter

In the second part of this urologic debate, Alexander Gomelsky, MD, FACS, B.E. Trichel Professor and Chair of the Department of Urology at LSU Health Shreveport, argues that artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) is the best treatment for post-prostatectomy stress urinary incontinence. Dr. Gomelsky first describes possible surgical complications and how to set patient expectations, then reviews data on AUS and the male sling, and finally contrasts the benefits of AUS against the sling. In comparison with the sling, which is best used in patients with mild incontinence, AUS can handle any degree of incontinence including severe and persistent presentations. Noting that AUS can also be used in patients who have undergone radical therapy, those with prior urethral stricture or bladder neck contracture, and those who have undergone urethral bulking, Dr. Gomelsky suggests that AUS outperforms the sling in all scenarios. Additionally, data suggests that a sphincter would be placed after a sling failure, further underscoring its utility. Brian S. Christine, MD, argues in favor of using a sling in the first part of the debate here.

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Best Treatment for Male Incontinence: Sling

In the first part of this urologic debate, Brian S. Christine, MD, Director of Prosthetic Urology and Men’s Sexual Health at Urology Centers of Alabama in Birmingham, argues that the sling is the best treatment for post-prostatectomy stress urinary incontinence in men. He goes over how to select the right candidates for a sling, the pre- and post-operative procedural steps, and the resulting success rate. Dr. Christine notes that slings are best used in patients with mild to moderate stress urinary incontinence as determined by a severity grading system. He considers two options for determining incontinence severity, the pad test and the standing cough test, observing that the latter is preferable given that it is done in-office versus by the patient at home. Dr. Christine then provides a detailed explanation of the surgical steps and technique using an AdVance XP male sling. He concludes that the sling, when used on the ideal candidate with a standing cough test grade of 0, 1, or 2, results in a post-operative success rate of 82-83% of patients who are dry or pad-free. Alexander Gomelsky, MD, FACS, argues in favor of using an artificial urinary sphincter in the second part of the debate here.

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Quality of Life Outcomes Following Urethroplasty

Chris Gonzalez, MD, MBA, FACS, discusses the development of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) to evaluate patient-perceived success of urethral stricture treatments. He describes the Male Sexual Health Questionnaire (MSHQ) and the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and the needed improvement in these types of questionnaires in the future.

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